In the middle of Central Asia there is a beautiful country named Kyrgyzstan! It is visited by many tourists from different parts of the world who always appreciate their travels. Here in our country people can see really beautiful scenery of mountains and lake, they meet locals and learn about their mesmerizing culture and traditions.
Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked country in Central Asia positioned to the west of the People's Republic of China. At an area of 198,522 square kilometers, Kyrgyzstan is one of the smaller Central Asian states. The national territory extends about 1000 kilometers from east to west and 430 kilometers from north to south.
Kyrgyzstan borders on such states as China, on Kazakhstan, on Uzbekistan and on Tajikistan. There are three enclaves being legally part of the territory of Kyrgyzstan but geographically removed by a few kilometers, have been established, two in Uzbekistan and the other one in Tajikistan.
The terrain of Kyrgyzstan is stretched by the great Tian Shan and Pamir mountain systems, which together occupy about 93% of the national territory. The Alay range portion of the Tian Shan system rules the southwestern part of the country, and, to the east, the main Tian Shan range runs along the borders between southern Kyrgyzstan and China. Kyrgyzstan's average elevation makes 2,500 meters, fluctuating from 7,439 meters at Peak Victory to 402 meters in the Fergana Valley close to Osh.
Flora and Fauna
A big diversity of flora in Kyrgyzstan is determined by the sharp diversity of a landscape. Slopes, varying by humidity, are the reason for different type of vegetation. The steppes, meadow-steppes, meadows, bushes and forests are wide spread on the northern slopes. Semi-deserts and deserts prevail at these areas on the Southern slopes.
Flora of Kyrgyzstan counts of more than 3,000 plants of lower species and 3786 plants of higher species. Wild plants that are economically significant are tinning joinweed, saltwort, barberries, rhubarb, Leafless Echinochloa, ferulae types, Fergana spurge, golden drop, types of thyme etc. A unique natural formation in the south of Kyrgyzstan is the walnut forests. Walnut, Siverse apple tree, Sogdy alycha, standard pear, Korjinskiy pear, Tian-Shan cherry, barberries, almonds, pistachio, Djungarian and Turkestan hawthorn and many others are growing here and represent a treasured genetic material and medicinal properties.
In our country there known 102 kinds of protozoa, 10232 insects and other arthropods expressive fauna of Kyrgyzstan. There are more than 1.5 thousand kinds of other invertebrates, 75 fish species, 4 amphibious, 33 reptiles, 368 birds and 83 mammals.
At an altitude of 3400-3800m there can be found grey marmots, silvery and narrow-skull field vole. The Brown bear can be seen in the alpine meadows in the summer time. A lot of wild rams, marmots, hares, and mountain goats are focused in the Alpine meadows as well. Wolfs can be also be found in the country. There many types of birds: mountain goose, rock pigeon, partridge, Alpine jackdaw, and big desert bullfinch. Mountain goats can be found at the height of approximately 4500-m, along with beasts of prey such as snow leopard.
The fewest species of animals such as wild ram, aurochs, wild mountain goat, roe, red deer, bear, deer, lynx, and snow leopard are described into the Red Book.
People of Kyrgyzstan.
The people in Kyrgyzstan are very nice and welcoming which is the main distinguishing feature of the nation. The locals say that the guest brings blessing and happiness into your house. That can explain their hospitable nature. Sometimes you can find them curious when they ask you «Do you like travelling?», «How many countries have you visited?" as well as "Do you have children?" If you happen to be somewhere in a distant small village or summer pasture in the mountains, then the hosts will always be glad to suggest you food and tea. Kyrgyz people follow most of their ancient traditions and customs passing it to their descendants.
People worship mountains and worship them. During your journeys in Kyrgyzstan you are going to enjoy our the stunning nature, which has retained its pristine beauty.
The city of Bishkek with about 5, 5 million people is a capital. It received a status of city in 1878 and for its wide boulevards and gorgeous green parks it received a title of "the greenest city in Central Asia".
The Kyrgyz Republic became independent from the USSR in 1991 on August 31. This day is an official holiday and celebrated annually.