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History

History

The history of Kyrgyzstan starts from the second millennium BC. The area has seen the ancient civilizations such as Saks, Usuns, and Huns gradually replacing each other. It was followed by the rise of Turkic dynasty which later fell into two main branches and Kyrgyz people fell under the dominance of Western Khanate. Later in the 9th century having defeated the Uigur Khanate the Kyrgyz established their first independent country.

Late there was grounded the Khanate of Karakhanids during the 10th century. One of the most important cities was the town Balasaguni named after the great Eastern philosopher Jusup Balasaguni. This city was the wealth of the city. You can visit this town even nowadays and see the remains of citadel and the tower of 24 meters. You are able to drive there for one hour.

The territory за Kyryzstan was conquered by the Great Mongolian invader Genghis Khan in the 13 th century who created the Mongolian Empire. After his death the Empire was split into many small kingdoms, and the territory of today's Kyrgyzstan was a part of the Chagatai Khanate.

In the medieval ages the Kyrgyz people went through problematic ethnic transformations and described by continuous wars between the local tribes as well as the invaders. Later the area was governed by the Kokand Khanate mainly by Uzbeks after which the district became part of the Russian Empire after a revolt in 1873 - 1876, and it has become part of the Soviet Union. Kyrgyzstan split up from it in 1991, and we celebrate Independence day every year on the 31 of August.

 

 

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